Navigating Crowdfunding for Your Business: A Comprehensive Guide to Taxes

Navigating Crowdfunding for Your Business: A Comprehensive Guide to Taxes


Crowdfunding has become a prevalent method for raising funds, catering to diverse causes and serving as a popular choice for businesses seeking financial support for testing ideas and launching ventures. In this blog post, we will delve into how businesses utilise crowdfunding and the implications it holds for tax obligations on the funds raised.

Understanding Crowdfunding:

Crowdfunding hinges on securing numerous small investments from a broad audience rather than relying on a substantial amount from a single source. Typically, individuals are drawn to crowdfunding initiatives aligned with causes they care about, whether it’s funding medical research, supporting innovative business ideas, or contributing to local facilities.

Crowdfunding Platforms:

Similar to online marketplaces, crowdfunding platforms serve as digital hubs where individuals or organizations create funding campaigns for their projects. These platforms facilitate the collection of bids or donations, with diverse terminology and rules distinguishing each one. The global reach of these platforms enables participation from people worldwide.

Exploring Different Crowdfunding Types:

Gifting Crowdfunding:

  • This traditional form involves soliciting donations for specific projects or services. Examples include charities seeking support for projects, sponsored runs to honor someone’s memory, or schools raising funds for new facilities.

Loan Crowdfunding:

  • In this type, funds come from a group of investors rather than a single lender. Platforms like Kiva and FundingCircle facilitate micro-loans for both charitable causes and business expansions, with businesses repaying a portion along with interest.

Equity Crowdfunding:

  • Here, individuals pool resources to purchase shares in a business, either ordinary or specially created for the crowdfunding project. Platforms like Seedrs and Crowdcube provide opportunities for investors to receive dividends or sell shares for potential profit.

Crowdfunding Incentives:

Participants in crowdfunding campaigns are motivated by various incentives, ranging from earning interest income on loans to receiving dividends from owning shares. Creators may offer subscriptions, artwork, free samples, or discounts on future purchases, often structured in tiers to encourage larger investments.

Considerations Before Crowdfunding:

Before embarking on a crowdfunding campaign, businesses should consider factors such as the time commitment, ability to service loans, having a robust business plan, and presenting a compelling offer. Understanding the associated fees and seeking professional assistance are crucial steps in preparing for a successful campaign.

Tax Implications:

Both businesses and investors need to consider tax implications associated with crowdfunding. Businesses receiving funds usually pay tax on the amount received, except in the case of repayable loans, where interest payments may be claimed as allowable expenses. Investors may incur tax obligations on income generated from crowdfunding, such as interest on loans or capital gains on shares.


As crowdfunding continues to be a viable avenue for fundraising, understanding its intricacies and tax implications is crucial for businesses and investors alike. By navigating these considerations effectively, you can make informed decisions that align with your financial goals and contribute to the success of your crowdfunding campaign.